India faces an acute shortage of nursing staff with an estimated deficit of 2 million. In the public sector alone, an additional 140,000 staff nurse is required. The nurse-population ratio is 1:2,500 compared with ratios of 1:150 to 1:200 in higher income nations. The nurse-doctor ratio is also poor – at 0.5 nurses per doctor compared with 3 or 5 per doctor in the USA and UK respectively.  

Types of nursing courses in India-

Nursing ProgramsTraining DurationExaminationRegistration
Auxiliary Nurse & Midwife 2 years Nursing Examination Board R.ANM
General Nursing & Midwifery 3 and 1/2 years Nursing Examination Board R.N & R.M
B. Sc (Basic) 4 years University R.N & R.M
B.Sc (Post Basic) Regular: 2 yrs
Distance: 3 yrs
University Additional Qualification
M. Sc. 2 years University Additional Qualification
M. Phil 1 year (Full time)
2 years (part time)
University Additional Qualification
Ph D 3-5 years University Additional Qualification